Labs 9 12Bone Physiology and Anatomy and Skeletal SystemPlease refer to the bone list for markings to learnTODAY through 1/28In the next 3 lab periods:
Learn to identify all the bones and Do all exercises Laboratory 9 -12Today: Please start by labeling the skeleton drawing with names of all bones as you compare drawing to real skeleton.
Skip Ossification and Activity 4 in Lab 9 for about it in class)
.Classification of Bones206 bones in the adultAxial
-long axis of the body (skull, vertebral column and rib cage) Lab 9 and 10Appendicular upper and lower limbs and limb girdles (hip and shoulders) Lab 11Shapes: Long, Short, Flat or irregularTypes: Spongy (cancellous)Compact (lamellar, haversian)AxialAppendicularBone MarkingsBulges, depressions, and holes that serve as sites of attachment for muscles, ligaments, and tendons, joint surfaces, conduits for blood vessels and nerves.Muscle/Ligament attachment sitesTubercle small rounded projectionEpicondyle raised area above a condyleSpine sharp, slender projectionProcess any bony prominenceTuberosity rounded projectionCrest narrow, prominent ridge of boneTrochanter large, blunt, irregular surfaceLine narrow ridge of boneForm JointsHead bony expansion on a narrow neckFacet smooth, nearly flat articular surfaceCondyle rounded articular projectionRamus armlike bar of boneHead bony expansion carried on a narrow neckDepressions (blood vessels and nerves to pass)Sinus cavity within a boneFossa shallow, basin-like depressionGroove furrowFissure narrow, slit-like openingForamen round or oval opening through a boneMajor markings for femur include the head, greater and lesser trochanters, gluteal tuberosity, lateral and medial condyles and epicondyles, linea aspera, patellar surface, and the intercondylar notchBone MarkingsTable 61 (2 of
2)Growth in Length of Long BoneFigure 6.9.
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