.: Africa 620191470Sri .: Africa 108100.54Sri / Countries are ranked in descending order, with "1" as the highest value.2/ The Relative Index assigns scores based on rankings.One shortcoming of the index is that it automatically assigns a score of '0'
for unavailable data
in a year.Hence, it is not a good fit for some countries because of data limitations (e.g., China, India, Mongolia and Vietnam).3/ The Weighted Index uses correlation coefficients as weights and standardized values of the data set, and considers the number of variables available for
a given year.It is still not a good fit for some countries because of country-specific factors of growth that are not included in our model (e.g., oil for Malaysia).4/ The rankings of the index values are
correlated with the real GDP per capita rankings for each country.The average for all countries is 25 percent for the relative index and 47 percent for the weighted index.Table A.16 Real GDP Per Capita Indices of Select Emerging MarketsReal GDP Per Capita Growth Rankings Rankings Based on the Relative Index Rankings Based on the Weighted Index
Emerging Growing188.8.131.52.0135Slower : IMF International Financial Statistics, and IMF Financial Crisis Episodes Database 2008.List of coup d'etat and coup attempts (en.wikipedia.org)Population growthNumber of coups (successful and failed)Number of years under colonial ruleTable A.12 Population, Crisis Episodes, Coups, and Colonial RuleCrisis episodes
Emerging : WB World Development Indicators.1/ Data not available for Egypt, Jordan and Pakistan for 2006.Table A.13 Education, Research and DevelopmentLiteracy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above)Researchers in R&D (per million people) 1/Scientific and technical journal articles
Emerging > 184.108.40.2063.6Moderately Growing 220.127.116.11.5Slower > : World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Database.2/ Country of origin is the residence of the first-named applicant (or assignee).3/ Data for Jordan and South Africa not available.4/ Data not available for Jordan and South Africa, and Vietnam and Morocco for 2007.1/ Resident filing refers to an application filed at an Office of or acting for the State in which the first-named applicant in the application concerned has residence.
Table A.14 Patent ApplicationsResident patent applications by patent office1/Patent applications by country of origin 2/Resident patent filings per billion US$ GDP 3/Number of resident patent filings per million population 3/Number of resident patent filings per million US$ research & development expenditure 4/
Emerging Growing3.543.662.392.90Slower : World Economic Forum, and Institut Europen d'Administration des Affaires (INSEAD)
.3/ The Global Innovation Index (GII) was developed to assess countries ability and preparedness to leverage innovation advances for increased competitiveness and development.Global Innovation Index (GII) 3/Table A.15 Competitiveness, Technology and Innovation1/ The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) captures the microeconomic and macroeconomic foundations of national competitiveness.Competitiveness is defined as the set of institutions, policies, and factors that determine the level of productivity of a country.
Data presented are the average rank of a particular group of emerging markets.2/ The Networked Readiness Index (NRI) identifies the enabling factors for information and communication technologies (ICT) readiness.
A country's NRI score is the simple average of the three composing subindex (environment, readiness and usage) scores.Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) rankings 1/Networked Readiness Index (NRI) 2/
Emerging : WB World Development Indicators.1/ Data not available for India, and China, Mongolia, Vietnam, Mexico, Morocco, Peru, South Africa and Uruguay between 1980-198Table A.8 Employment in AgricultureAgriculture value added per worker (constant 2000 US dollars)Agricultural employment growthEmployment in agriculture
(% of total employment) 1/
Emerging : WB World Development Indicators.1/ Data not available for China, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Egypt and South Africa.2/ Data not available for China, India and Indonesia.Table A.9 Income and InequalityGINI coefficient 1/Income share held by top income decile 2/Income share held by fifth and sixth income deciles 2/Income share held by bottom income decile 2/Emerging Growing4971Slower Growing5770Philippines4248Source: The Heritage Foundation.Note: The freedom scores for each country is a number between 0-100, with 100 signifying an economic environment or set of policies that is most conducive to economic freedom.Table A.10 Economic Freedom and its Sub-IndicesEconomic Freedom IndexTrade Freedom IndexCorruption Perception Index Ease of Doing Business Index
Emerging Growing35034052.241.9Slower : WB Doing Business Report.Table A.11 Doing Business Sub-IndicesTax payments
(number per year)Time to comply with company tax obligation (hours per year)Total tax rate (% profit)
Emerging Growing51.257.4Slower : WB World Development Indicators.1/ Available information for the Philippines are for the years 2002 and 2003 only.2/ Data for Uruguay not available for 1980-1983.Table A.4 Other Government Expenditures for Development (in percent of GDP, unless otherwise noted)Research and development expenditure 1/Information and communication technology expenditureRoads, paved
(% of total roads)
Emerging : World Trade Organization, WB World Development Indicators, and Bloomberg.1/ Data in percent of GDP, except for sovereign spreads.2/ Data for Vietnam
started in 1996.Table A.5 External Indicators 1/3/ Data for Indonesia and Uruguay started in 2004 and 2001, respectively, while data series for both Vietnam and Pakistan began in 2005.Data series on Thailand, however, is from 199
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