THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATIONTITLE International Space StationRevision G Assembly Sequence Assembly Complete Isometric View SIZE D* DATE 7/31/2002 DRAWING NUMBER 02-DR0066 SCALE 1/200 REVISION Original AUTHOR NASA * Modified for requestor.Not per ANSI standards.The International Space Station?The International Space Station Educational Wallsheet The International Space Station (ISS) is an engineering marvel! Its?components have been built by thousands of different workers from?around the world! The ISS program includes participation from 16 nations:?, Belgium, The Netherlands,?Denmark, United Kingdom, Norway, France, Spain, Germany, Sweden,?Switzerland, and Brazil.
One by one, these components are rocketed?ything is orbiting Earth once every 90 minutes, traveling at?17,500 miles per hour!?y item can be fully?integrated when it reaches orbit? If you guessed that its the same way architects and engineers design and build?homes, office buildings, and laboratories here on Earth, you are right.Every project begins with the design process.?Detailed engineering drawings for each and every component are required.?The images and activities featured on this wallsheet will engage students in interpreting and analyzing three-dimensional?International Space Station Take a large measure of engineering and technology, add giant dashes of science and mathematics, and throw in years of effort from 16 nations, and you have the largest space structure ever constructedthe International Space Station cial jet aircraft.
From an altitude of 354 kilometers, astronauts from many nations are able to conduct fundamental scientific research, process biological materials, carry out medical investigations, experiment with chemical reactions, and study living things without the distorting effects of gravity.
Although gravity and the stations velocity keep the station in orbit, the combination of forces at work produce a freefall condition in which gravitys effects on the station and the objects inside are reduced.In addition to research on materials and living things, space station crews are able to study Earths environment and resources from a high vantage point.The station will pass over 80 percent of Earths surface, flying over the same area every three days as it orbits the rotating planet below.
Additionally, research will characterize the environment of space and the long-term effects of the space environment on humans and materials in future space flights to the distant , with great relevance to future space exploration efforts.Trips to Mars, for example, could take six months one way.Information gained on the ISS will be invaluable in planning for the well-being of Mars crews.
Making It Happen The International Space Station will become a world-class scientific laboratory, providing a unique research environment in Earth orbit for 10 or more years
.Making it all happen is a complex design, fabrication, and assembly process.The ch modules, solar panels, connecting truss beams, and robots.
These elements can be classed into several systems, including the and Data Handling
Attitude (direction) Control and Propulsion
Transportation and Assembly (including robotics) The system elements are being constructed on Earth in packages determined by the capacities of the launch vehicles that will deliver them to orbit.
The Space Shuttle, for example, has a cargo bay that is 18.2 meters long and 4.6 meters .ISS elements must either be small enough to fit the bay, collapsible for transport, or able to be divided into components that will be rejoined in orbit.Transporting the many pieces of the ISS to orbit is only one of many challenges in making the ISS happen.The elements must be easily joined together in orbit with simple connections for electric power and fluid transfer lines.Docking ports y modules are connected the interior working volume is permanently sealed.
In the vacuum of space, even small leaks can drain a spacecraft of its vital atmosphere.The International Space .The space station must have electrical power for all its laboratories, environmental systems, and communications and A Note on the Classroom Activities The three activities that follow can each be done as standalone activities or integrated sequentially or concurrently.They will research station systems and components, develop construction standards, and assemble the model.
In the first activity (Center of Mass), the students learn about the necessity of controlling the location of the center of mass of For more information on the International Space Station, visit the following Web sites: ISS Home Page ISS Image Gallery ISS Model Images ISS Reference Library ISS AssemblyComponent View, Scale Model Drawing Package, etc. Acknowledgements The International Space Stationeducational wallsheet was developed in collaboration with the NASA Office of Education, the International Technology Education Association, Lockheed Martin and Wheeling Jesuit University/NASA Classroom of the Future.This publication is in the public domain and is not protected by copyright.Permission is not required NASA Resources for Educators?NASAs Central Operation of Resources for Educators (CORE) was established for the national and international distribution?of NASA-produced educational materials in multimedia format.Educators can obtain a catalogue and an order form by one of the?following methods:?CORE?Lorain County Joint Vocational School FAX: (440) 775-1460?15181 Route 58 South E-mail: email@example.com?Oberlin, OH 44074-9799 Home Page: http://core.nasa.gov?Phone: (440) 775-1400?Educator Resource Center Network (ERCN) To, NASA has created the NASA Educator Resource Center (ERC) network.Educators may preview, copy, or receive NASA materials at these sites.Phone calls are welcome if you are unable to visit the ERC that serves your geographic area.A list of the Centers and the
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