OSHA Self-Inspection Checklist for Construction Protection from Falls
The largest percentages of fatalities that occur each year are caused by falls.
Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS) Yes Needs Action Is the PFAS used to prevent falls from heights above 6 feet? Was the PFAS designed and installed by a qualified person to maintain a safety factor of two? Will the PFAS limit the maximum arresting forces imposed on an employee wearing a body harness to 1,800 pounds? Is the PFAS rigged in such a manner that an employee can neither free fall more than 6 feet nor contact any lower level?
Safety Net Systems Yes Needs Action Are safety nets installed as close as practicable but no more than 30 feet below the walking working surface? Are safety nets extended beyond the edges of the walking working surfaces 8 to 13 feet depending on the potential fall distance? Is the potential fall area from the walking working surfaces on bridges to nets unobstructed? Is a certification record available stating that a competent person has inspected untested nets?
Guardrail Systems, Canopies and Covers Yes Needs Action On walking working surfaces 6 feet or more in height, are guardrail systems used to prevent falls from unprotected sides, edges, holes, remote excavations, and wall openings? Are the top edge heights of guardrail system members 42 inches, plus or minus 3 inches, above the walking working surface? Are wire rope guardrail systems more than 1/4 of an inch in diameter or greater and flagged at 6 foot intervals? Are canopies, screens, or toeboards installed to prevent falling objects? Are labeled covers secured over holes?
Lead in Construction Yes Needs Action Has a determination been made as to the possibility of airborne lead exposure on the job? (Significant airborne lead exposures can occur when welding, cutting, grinding, and abrasive blasting are performed during structural steel demolition and renovation). If it has been determined that employees may be exposed to airborne lead, have you:
a.designated a competent person? b.become familiar with the Lead Exposure in Construction standard (as modified by Maryland)? c.
conducted representative personal monitoring to assess employee exposures? d.arranged for appropriate protection for employees during the assessment period? e.trained employees? f.provided handwashing facilities? g.determined if your activity is also covered by Maryland Department of the Environment regulations? If exposures exceed the action level: a.has a medical surveillance program been established? b.
have provisions been made for the required periodic air monitoring? c.
has additional training been provided? If exposures exceed the permissible exposure level, have the following additional requirements been met? a.use of engineering and work practice controls to reduce exposures b.use of adequate personal protective equipment, including respiratory protection c.prohibition of food and beverage consumption and smoking in exposed areas d.establishment of a change area with storage facilities e.
provision of showering facilities f
.posting of warning signs at the exposure area
Ladders Yes Needs Action Are employees made aware that metal ladders are not to be used where they may contact electrical conductors or equipment? Are they also aware that metal ladders cannot be used when working on or near electrical equipment such as changing light bulbs or fluorescent tubes? Are ladders with broken or missing rungs or split side rails, tagged and taken out of service? Are metal ladders inspected for damage or signs of corrosion? Are portable wood ladders and metal ladders adequate for their purpose, in good condition, and provided with secure footing? Are areas around the top and bottom of the ladder kept clear? Are portable ladders used at such a pitch that the horizontal distance from the top bearing to the foot of the ladder is about 1/4 of the working length of the ladder? Are ladders prohibited from being used in a horizontal position as platforms, runways, or scaffolds? Are portable ladders tied, blocked or otherwise secured against movement? If simultaneous two-way traffic is expected is a double cleat ladder installed? Are the rungs of ladders uniformly spaced? Are the side rails of the ladder extending at least 36 inches above the landing? Did a competent person provide ladder safety training to all employees? Are stairways or ladders provided at all breaks in elevation 19 inches or higher to provide safe access for employees? Are stairways in good condition and are stair rails provided for stairways having four or more risers?
Lift Trucks Yes Needs Action Before being placed into service are powered industrial trucks examined for any conditions that may adversely affect the safety of the vehicle? Are defective powered industrial trucks immediately repaired or removed from service? Are the high lift rider trucks equipped with an overhead guard to protect the operator? Is the vertical load backrest provided to prevent raised loads from falling rearward? Are powered industrial trucks provided with an audible warning device to alert others in the area of their presence? Are only trained and qualified personnel permitted to operate powered industrial trucks? Are the rated load capacities of the powered industrial trucks clearly marked and not exceeded? Are raised loads kept as close to the ground as possible to prevent tipping while traveling? Are trucks driven with the load facing upgrade when ascending or descending grades in excess of 10 percent? Are the load engaging means fully lowered, controls neutralized, power shut off, and brakes set on unattended powered industrial trucks? Are unauthorized riders prohibited from riding on lift trucks? Are seat belts being worn by operators?<
Overhead and gantry cranes
OSHA Compliance Checklist Overhead and Gantry Cranes (1910.179) O.K.Action Needed General Requirements
1.Is the rated load of the crane plainly marked on each side of the crane?
Is the marking clearly visible from the floor? 2.
Is a clearance of 3 inches maintained laterally between the crane and the nearest obstruction?
3.Are only designated personnel permitted to operate the crane?
Stops, Bumpers, Rail Sweeps, and Guards
1.Are stops provided at the limits of travel of the trolley?
Are stops fastened to resist forces applied when contacted?
Are stops engaging the tread at least equal in diameter to the radius of the wheel?
Is the trolley provided with bumpers or is the trolley operated at a low rate of speed?
4.Are guards provided:
To prevent hoisting rope fouling, if needed? 5.Are all exposed moving parts guarded that might constitute a hazard under normal conditions?
Are all guards securely fastened?
Is the guard substantial enough?
Brakes 1.Is each independent hoisting unit equipped with at least one self-setting brake?
Does the braking mechanism prevent overspeeding?
Has the holding brake been tested to ensure sufficiency?
4.Are holding brakes on hoists applied automatically when power is removed?
Does the control brake maintain a safe lowering speed at all times?
6.Are foot-operated brakes easily applied with foot pressure?
7.Are all foot brake petals constructed so that operators foot will not easily slip off the pedal?
Are all foot-operated brakes equipped with an automatic means for positive release when pressure is released form the pedal?
Electric Equipment 1.
Is the control circuit current less than 600 volts (AC or DC)?
2.Is the pendant control voltage less than 50 volts AC?
3.Are all pendant units protected against strain?
4.Are pendant controls adequately grounded?
Are all buttons clearly marked as to their purpose?
6.Is the contact with live parts prevented?
7.Is all electrical equipment protected from dirt, oil, grease, and moisture?
8.Are cranes equipped with a way to prevent inadvertent reenergization in the event of a power failure?
Page 1 of 3 OSHA Compliance Checklist Overhead and Gantry Cranes (1910.179) O.K.
9.Do all pendant push buttons return to the off position when pressure is released?
10.Is the power supply to runway conductors controlled by a fixed circuit breaker accessible from the floor?
11.Are sufficient emergency disconnects provided?
Are all electrically driven traveling cranes provided with a limit switch in the hoisting direction?
1.Are all sheave grooves smooth and free of defects?
Are the ropes on the sheaves prevented from binding?
3.Are only loads lifted that are below the manufacturers load limit for the ropes being used?
4.Is there more than 2 wraps of rope left on the drum when the hook is in its extreme low position?
5.Is the rope end securely attached?
6.Are all hooks used in accordance with the manufacturers 1.
Have all new cranes been inspected to ensure compliance with 1910.179?
Are all the following items inspected for maladjustment at least daily for each days use:
All functioning inspection of hooks with deformations or cracks?
Visual inspection of hoist chains for excessive wear, twist, distorted links or stretch?
3.Are the following items inspected at least or distorted hooks, with a certification by the person doing the inspection, date of inspection, serial number of the hook, and the inspectors signature?
All functional operating mechanisms for excessive wear? c.
All ropes for compliance with manufacturers recommendations?
4.Are comprehensive inspections made to identify the following items at least annually, or more frequently if necessary: Loose bolts or rivets; deformed, cracked, or corroded members or parts; excessive wear on brake system parts; inaccuracies in load indicators; improper wiring; and the proper operation of all control mechanisms?
Are cranes that have been idle for more than a month inspected for the requirements contained in 2 & 3 above, before they are placed back into service?
Are cranes that have been idle for longer than 6 months been given a compliance inspection that includes items 2, 3, & 4 above, and a complete inspection of ropes (see Inspection of Ropes, below)?
Testing 1.Are all new and modified cranes tested prior to use to include the and travel?
Page 2 of 3 OSHA Compliance Checklist Overhead and Gantry Cranes (1910.179) O.K.Action Needed Maintenance
1.Has a preventative maintenance program been established based on the manufacturers recommendations?
For all adjustments and repairs, are the following precautions taken:
Is the hoisting mechanism and load secured?
Are all controllers in the off position?
Is the unit deenergized, locked and tagged out?
Is a warning sign placed on the crane (Out of Order)?
Are all unsafe conditions repaired before the crane is allowed back into operation?
4.Are all crane hooks with cracks in excess of 15 percent of the normal throat opening, or with more than a 10 degree twist from normal removed from service and discarded?