Hebrews 10:19-31Hebrews 10:19-31Aim for Change By the end of the lesson, we will: KNOW Jesus sacrificial death opens the way to the presence of God; FEEL the importance of holding on to faitmet with Mr.Williams, Sharitas father.Anthony said to him, May I have your permission to ask Sharita to marry me? I love and respect your daughter and want to make her my partner for life.She is my blessing from God! I cant imagine life without her.Mr.Williams thought for a moment and smiled.You have my permission, Anthony, he said.proposed.Sharita was speechless.
As tears ran down her cheeks, she said, I have made too many mistakes in my life.You cant truly love me, because I have not forgiven myself.I dont deserve a life with you.
I love you, but I cant marry you! As Sharita started to leave, Anthony said, We all make mistakes, but God forgives us when we sincerely come to Him.Through faith in Christ, our sins are forgiven and we have a new life.In todays lesson, we can develop a personal relationship with Jesus by faith and enter into the presence of God.Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ().
KJV Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, flesh;
And having an high priest over the house of God; r hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.23 Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)
Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.dge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,
But a certain fearful looking for of judgmentithout mercy under two or three witnesses:
Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was
despite unto the Spirit of grace?
For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord.And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
It is a fearful thing to fall in And so, dear brothers and sisters, we can boldly enter heavens Most Holy Place because of the blood of Jesus.20 By his death, Jesus opened a new and life-giving way through the curtain into the Most Holy Place.
Priest who rules over Gods house, ce of God with sincere hearts fully trusting him.For our guilty blood to make us clean, and our bodies have been ring to the hope we affirm, for promise.
Let us think of ways to motivate one
And let us not neglect our meeting together, as some people do, but encourage one another, especially now that the day of There is only the terrible expectation of Gods judgment and the raging fire that will consume his enemies.Moses was put to death without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.
Just think how much worse the punishment will be for those who have trampled on the Son of
the covenant, which made us holy, as if it were common and ly Spirit who brings Gods mercy to us.nge.
I will pay them back.
He also said, The Lord will judge his own people.
It is a terrible thing to fall Holy of Holies.It was located in the innermost sanctuary of the temple.Separated from the other parts of the temple by a thick curtain, the Holy of Holies was specially associated with the the existence of the temple, the Holy of Holies High Priestupon descent from Aaron.Normally, the high priest enter the Holy of Holies and only on the Day of Atonement.Hebrews.Because there are references to religious sacrifices and ceremonies, the book of on of the temple in Jerusalem in A.D.70.The name of the author is not given, but the person is a brother of Timothy (ristians underwent severe persecution from the Romans and Jews, both socially the Old Testament because there are direct quotations from it as he argues the superiority of Jesus Christ and faith.
Background Sacrifices were practiced from the earliest of times in the Old Testament.Sacrifices from the and offered sacrifices after he left the ark.
The Mosaic sacrifices were prior to Christs ultimate sacrifice on the Cross.
Animals were imperfect satone for the sins of the people.If they could, they would have ceased.The annual sacrifice on the Day of Atonement was a visible reminder of the sins of humanity.The writer expressed the importance and superionly enter the Holy of Holies, which was the moary of the temple) one day a year, the Day of Atonement, the 10th day of the seventh month of the Jewish calendar (September-October).
On the Day of Atonement, the high priest made reconciling sacrifices for the sins of the entire nation.The images that
the Day of Atonement emphasize the superiority of the priesthood of Christ.
the Greek word for agreement, covenant, or arrangementwas placed
died, frees believers from the bondage of the first covenant.God took away the Levitical sacrificial system, which was the first arrangement, when He established the perfect sacrificeJesus Christ.2.The Priesthood of Christ and Our Profession of Faith (3.
The Priesthood of Christ and Knowledge of the Truth (vv.26-27) 4.The Priesthood of Christ and How God Will Judge His People (1.
The Priesthood of Christ Is Superior (Hebrews 10:19-21vitical priesthood, which was made at Mount Sinai.The Levitical between the people and God through the temporary animal sacrifices.
The people needed the perfect sacrifice, Jesus Christ, who gave His life of the people on the Day of Atonement.Every ere he made a sacrifice for the nations sins.A curtain prevented anyone from seeing the inner humanity, the curtain was torn open, permitting anyone to enter the holiest of allGods for believers to be forgiven.By a new and During biblical times, the high priest passed thGods presence existed.Because of Christs sacrificial death on the Cross, believers can now personally come before God.Christ shed His blood to give humanity the ability to come before and trials that we experience as blood of Christ, we can come before our Creator by faith.Have you accepted Christ by faith and 2.The Priesthood of Christ and Our Profession of Faith (vv.22-25to Christian baptism when the writer refers to ).Because of the eternal efficacy of the blood of Christ, our consciences are cleansed.
When the high priest enholy linen coat ...
the linen breeches ...
a linen girdle ...these are holy garments and he must be cleansed; therefore shall hebeliever must be cleansed before he or she can come before the Holy One.While we are declared need to cleanse ourselves daily by turning away from sin and turning to God to experience the fullness of relationship with Him.We must give ourselves completely to God and maintain).
God reveals His promises and truths through His Word; thus, we must embrace Gods Word and resist temptation and opposition.His promises are and righteousness of Christ.We have hope because God is faithful (to reassure the believers by calling them to remember, He (God) is faithful that promised; God will do what He has promised ().
The writer instructs the believers to considerwhich means to observe or contemplateeach toward each other (could have an impact on one Because of the fear of persecution, some of the believers had stopped attending worship services; therefore, the writer encourages believers to pull together to s).
The fellowship of believers promotes accountability; it As you fellowship with the body of believers, encourage someone today! 3.The Priesthood of Christ and Knowledge of the Truth (vv.26-27The writer of Hebrews reminds believers that if they sin wilfully they deliberately reject Christ e truth and the guidance of
faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from ).Believers should not willfully rebel against Gods provisions salvation (Hebrews 10:26The consequences of rejecting God are judgmenment, death and destruction, for obstinate apostates.
The apostates will experience the wrath of God because there is no other help for sinners who reject their only remedysalvation through accepting Jesus Christ as Lord 4.The Priesthood of Christ and How God Will Judge His People (vv.28-31The Old Testament refers to the sin of idolatry thatDeuteronomy 17:6).The judgment for idolatry was death by stoning, but there is a worse punishment for someone who rejects the word of Christ.If someone considers Spirit of grace, the ).The person that rejects the Spirit of God will receive a punishment Judgment belongs to God for the LORD shall judge his people (Deuteronomy 32:36no other sacrifice for sin except Christs sacrifice on the Cross.If someone rejects Gods mercy, he or she will receive Gods judgment.
The writer of).The apostate will experience an eternal punishment from Gods hands.Believers, who have received the mercy of God through Christ, 1.
What is the Holy of Holies (2.What is the new and living way that Jesus has prepared for believers to come into the 3.Explain the difference between a willful sin and an occasional sin.
(Refer to the 1.How can we draw near and remain in the presence of God each day? How can we truly 2.When we accept Christ, He responds, henceforth, I call you not servants .
..I have called you Christ as believers? Does your eal that He is your friend?
in what Christ has done on the Cross.The to God each day.
Through Christ, we have an eternal reward and significant privileges that we p with Him.We can grow in faith and experience a deeper l.
Each day we must trust God ce them to a new life through Christ
.Make It Happen The world focuses on tangible rewards, promotiors and earthly wealth with retirement plans focused on life in the world.Retirement plans can be important, but as Christians, our focus is greater.Because we have accepted Christ by faith, we are friends of Christ with a purpose to
local ministries thatfaith in God.Volunteer your time to share yourople who do not know Him, are homebound or sick.Help others to remain faithful and experience the presence of God each day.
Make a daily affirmation to share your
faith with others.God will give you the What God wants me to do: More Light on the Text Hebrews 10:19-31 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,
By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; uperior to all men and angels, His priesthood is
of the animal sacrifices, is efficacious in reconciliation of humankind to God.In the following verses, the writer of the epistle proceeds to show the practical implications He went with fear and trembling, because, if he had neglected the smallest item ), and it had become the custom for the high priest not to linger in the Most Holy Place on the Day of Atonement, lest people be terrified.
mpletely at home in the situation created by ter the Most Holy Place (course, is no physical sanctuary but is, in truth, the presence of God by the blood of Jesus (v.His saving death.We can come evce the infinitely meritorious blood of the great atonement.By a new and living way (It is a new way because the deneither gave life nor removed the dead bodies of the animals slailives, to make intercession for aside the veil that separated the holy from the Most Holy Place that he might have access to the Divine Majesty, and the veil of the temple was rent from the top to the bottom at ththe holiest was then laid open.
Likewise, we mustthrough the mediation of veilHis humanity is rent, and the kingdom And having an high priest over the house of God;
build a bridge between man and God.This means that Jesus not
get there, He introduces us to His very presence.The house or family of God is the ChrisJesus.
Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
has done should move Christians faithful.The heart stands for the whole of the inner life of man, and it is important that as Gods people approach Him, they be right inwardly.It is the pure in heart that see God (Matthew 5:8).
All hypocrisy (pretending to be what we are not or using Christian vocabulary when in mostly defeat) must go.In view of what Christ has done for us, we trust in Christ, who has performed for us the high priestly work that givecan draw near at all (washing of the body with pure water is most likely a reference to baptism.Baptism is the e latter that was the more important.So here it is mentioned first.The sprinkling of the hearts innermost being.His shed blood cleanses believer).
Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that the hope we profess is more appropriate.
The verb translated here as hold fast (Gk.kat-EKH-ofor the readers to hold fast to their ).
Now, he wants them to retain a firm grasp on the confession of NKJV).Christians can hold fast use behind it is a God in whom they can have full confidence.
As Luke Timotnot a matter of grim determination, but of active and mutual commitment and up-building He makes a promise, it will infallibly be kept.He has taken the initiative in making the promise, and He will fulfill His purposes in making it.
He who cannot lie promises the eternal He who has given you this promise then is faithful, hold fast the profession of your hope.
And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:
Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.This is the only place where the authorallelonNew Testament.He is speaking of a mutual urage one another, not one where leaders direct the rest as to what they are to do.
Our danger is that we becomeother.
The word provoke is actually a noun (Gk.) that is often Corporate worship is important.
We must worshisome among those in the audience of the Hemeeting together.There may be some who think it is still possible to live the Christian life while Guthrie notes, The New Testament lends no suprs is not just a nice idea but also an absolute necessity for the encouragement of Christia).
The day here has that derive from the Old Testament prophetic tradition that spoke of a day in which God would Amos 5:18-20), a tradition that is maintained in the New Testament (1 Thessalonians 5:2).The day of the Second Coming is approaching; when things as we know them will end.The early Christians lived in that expectation.So must we.In the time we have, it is our duty
For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,
But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.iter has apostasy in mind.He is referring to people who have received the ), where truth (Gk.the content of Christianity as the absolute truth as it frequently does in the New Testament.
Receiving the knowledge of truth means entering into the community that is defined by the true community who turn away from the covenant through unbelief or idolatry.The people to whom Christian teaching is more than superficial just as ham-ar-TAN-oen there remains no sacrifice for sins.
An important word here is wilfully (Gk.sacrifice of Christ.ouldnt be considered as a minor transgression, but apostasy, a deliberate turning away.
Only a fearful expawaits such people (is left indefinite makes the warning all the more impressive.The Greek adjective fob-), meaning fearful is unusual;s it as raging fire, Isaiah 26:11fire of judgment that is intent on devouring Gods adversaries.In ed as neutral.
They have become the enemies of God.
He that despised Moses law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:
Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? The author now adopts an argument form of the ws held the Law of without compassion.There was no place for mercy.He must be executed (ence to work out for themselves the worst punishment someone would deserve for rejecting the gift of God in Christ.
Because Jesus is greater than Moses, it must be mod, founded on better promises (sacrifice (9:23The grievousness we experience when we deliberately continue sinning (elaborated in three phrases of .First, such a person has trampled under foot the Son of God (NASB).The verb trampled is found in the NASB (Gk.
ka-ta-pa-TEH-ompled under foot is a strong expression for disdain.It implies not only rejecting Christ but also despising Him.
This is more than falling from grace; it is a mockery of the giver of grace.Jesus that established the Matthew 26:28apostate regards that blood as a common thing (Hebrews 10:29, NKJV).That is to say he treats any other man.The word common can also be This stands out more sharply with the The third indictment of the apostate is that he en-oo-BRID-zo), an intensified form of HOO-bris), which means to reduce the honor that is due to another person.Willful sin is an insult to the Spirit, who brings the grace of God to humanity.
For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord.And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
) six times, four with quotations from Scripture.
He is sure that God speaks to men.
The authors first quotation here is from Deuteronomy 32:35Vengeance is a divine prerogative.The emphasis here is on the certainty that the Lord will act.The second quotation from Deuteronomy 32:36for He is named and so is His activity.The word judge in
may mean give a favorable judgment as well as condemn.The latter is intended here.Claiming to be one of Gods people does not exempt a person from judgment.God judges all.Let not the apostates ll people, can escape.
It is a fearful thing to fall inA simple statement carries a chilling effect.
Falling into the hands of someone means to come under his power ().Usually falling into (Gods) hands means reaHow dreadful to have the displeasure of an eternal, Almighty God to rest on the soul forever! Apostates, and all the persecutors and enemies of Gods cause and people, may expect the heaviest judgments of an incensed deity; and these are not for a time but through eternity.Sources: Bruce, F.
F.The Epistle to the Hebrews, Revised: New International Commentary on the New Testament.Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.Reprint, 1988.Guthrie, Donald.Tyndale New Testament Commentaries: Letter to the Hebrews.Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1983.
216.Holman Pocket Bible Dictionary.
Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 2004.762-764, 773.Johnson, Luke Timothy.Hebrews: A Commentary.
The New Testament Library.Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2006.259.Keener, Craig S.The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament.
Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993.647-650, 670-671.Lane, William L.Hebrews 9-13.Word Biblical Commentary, Vol.47B.Dallas, TX: Word Inc., 1991.Life Application Study Bible, King James Version.Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.,1997.2154-2155, 2170-New Testament Greek Lexicon.Bible Study Tools.com. (accessed September 6, 2011).
Radmacher, Earl D., ed
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