University of Illinois at of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Facilities & Services Division of Safety and Compliance
Crane Safety Program Manual Last Reviewed: 2009 Last updated by:
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University of Illinois at define the work practices and the inspection Champaign (UIUC) are protected from potential hazards associated with the movement of equipment and material.
The Crane Safety Inspection Program is part Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) entitled Overhead Cranes guidelines are also applicable to the operation and maintenance of overhead cranes (ANSI B30.2, ANSI B30.0,
This program also includes information on the safe operation and inspection procedures of small portable so regulated by the OSHA Code of Federal Regulation 29CFR 1910.184 and ANSI B30.9C.
POLICY e Safety Program and its inspection procedure.
SCOPE to all employees who operate and use overhead cranes,
RESPONSIBILITIES The UIUC Division of Safety and Compliance (S&C) shall: Review the Crane Safety Program on an annual basis and revise it as necessary.Provide the technical assistance regarding the regulatory requirements of cranes, chains, slings, and Provide or arrange training for the safe operation of overhead cranes, and the inspection procedure for
Deans, Directors of Academic and AdministProvide fiscal and administrative support towards the implementation of this Crane Safety Program.B.Establish budget support for this program for his/her unit.
Supervisors of employees who may be required to comply with the Crane Safety Program shall: Attend training on the requirements of the Crane Safety Program which includes the inspection erved, with respect to daily, monthly and annual inspections.
Establish and maintain an inspection checklist record keeping system.
Ensure the fitness for duty of crane operators. Last updated by:
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University of Illinois at .Worn outside wires.D.Corroded or broken wires at connections.lied end connections on the equipment name plate.F.Severe kinking, crushing, cutting or un-stranding.
Periodic Inspections Periodic inspections shall be conducted by a factory trained employee or a contract certified inspection service ATTACHMENT 1).
A complete inspection of the crane shall be performed at least every 12 months.
The inspection should include A.Noting any cracked, corroded, worn or loose members or parts.Noting and replacing loose bolts and tightening those bolts.Testing the limit indicators (wind, load, etc), power plant and electrical apparatus.
Load testing must be performed at no more than 125 percent of the rated load, unless it is otherwise recommended by the equipment manufacturer.E.Examining the electrical apparatus for any signs of pitting, or any deterioration of controller contractors, limit switches and push button stations.
Travel distance steering.Testing the braking system for excessiveH.Hooks and cables.
If any adjustments have to be made to the unit, the crane will not be operated until all the guards have been installed, all safety devices reactivated, and all maintenance equipment moved.If any defect is found, the crane
RATED LOAD MARKING The rated load of the crane shall be plainly marked on each side of the crane.
If the crane has more than one hoisting unit, each hoist and each hoist attachment shouldad shall not exceed the rated
A common misconception is that the safety factor is built in and that the operator may exceed the rated load up any lifting devices such as magnets, spreader bars, chains and slings.
Every load that is lifted by a crane shall be well secured and properly balanced in a sling or other lifting device. Last updated by:
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University of Illinois at OPERATION
load on the hook.
Other employees shall not walk under a suspended load.
Attaching The Load The operator must be familiar with the appropriate rigging and hoisting techniques to safely move the load.
Additionally, the following items should be used to attach the load: A.The hoist chain or hoist rope should be free of kinks or twists and shall not be wrapped around the load.B.The load should be attached to the load block hook by means of slings or other approved devices.
The sling should clear all obstacles.
Moving The Load The load should be well secured and properly balanced in the sling or lifting device befoa few inches.
Before starting the hoist, the hoist rope should not be kinked and the multiple part lines should not be twisted around each other.
The hook should be brought over the load in such a manner as to prevent swinging.
There should be no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load.
The load should not
While any employee is on the load or hook, there will be no hoisting, lowering or traveling.
The operator will avoid carrying loads over people.
The operator will test the brakes each time a load approatested by raising the load a few inches and applying the brakes
The load will not be lowered below the point where less than 3 full wraps remain on the hoisting drum.
The operator will not leave his position while the load is suspended.
The operator needs to be aware of the appropriate chains, hoist, and sling requirements.
CHAINS, SLINGS AND HOISTS Safe Operating Practices (All slings, chains and hoists)
other makeshift devices.
Sling legs shall not be kinked.
Slings shall not be loaded in excess of their rated capaci Slings should be padded or protected from the sharp edges of their loads.
All employees shall be kept cle
1.Written safety rules/safe job procedures in place2.OSHA log updated/safety posters displayed 3.Management Safety Policy in place4.All planned safety activities preformed (meetings, inspections, training)5.Effective new employee safety orientation Life Safety Issues/Housekeeping:1.Walkways maintained, aisles defined, uncluttered2.Emergency exits clearly identified, adequate number3.Egress routes marked and accessible4.Unapproved doors clearly marked NOT AN EXIT5.Stairs/aisleways free from material storage and debrisEmergency Medical:1.Emergency contact information posted 2.First aid responders available for each shift3.Bloodborne pathogens exposure potential adequately addressed4.First aid supplies adequate and available5.Transportation available for injured workers/plan in placeSlip/Trip/Fall Hazards:1.Portable ladders equipped with non-slip feet.Metal ladders marked -Do Not Use Around Electrical Equipment2.Stairways in good repair with handrails, treads and risers in properproportion and
non-slip3.Elevated areas have guardrails and toe boards4.Work areas, aisleways, storage areas are orderly5.Illumination adequate for normal conditions, emergency lighting in place6.External walking, parking, break areas free of hazards, well maintained7.Warning signs posted for wet floors or spills8.Anti-slip mats and flooring used where appropriateFACILITY SAFETY INSPECTION CHECKLISTCompany:Satisfactory1 OF 3Hand Tools:1.Power tools properly grounded/have safety power switch2.Defective tools are removed from service3.Proper guards are provided, tools electrically grounded or double insulated4.There is a preventive maintenance/inspection program5.Employees are trained in the safe use of hand toolsFire Safety:1.Portable fire extinguishers of proper type are mounted properly, accessible,2.Approved safety containers are used for flammable liquids3.Bonding and grounding used with storage of flammable materials 4.Combustible debris disposed of regularly5.No Smokingareas designated 6.Sprinkler system detectors functional and inspected8.Minimum 18clearance below sprinkler heads9.Sprinkler valves locked openElectrical Hazards:1.Machinery and equipment are grounded2.Electrical panels have clear access3.Electrical panels clearly marked4.Outlets, switches and boxes have covers 5.Permanent wiring in place
no extension cords 6.Exposure of overhead electrical lines controlled7.Emergency stops and critical electrical controls are identified8.Appropriate electrical systems designed for hazardous locations have beeninstalled in spray booths and flammable liquid storage rooms1.Observed operating at safe speeds2.Observed safe loading and unloading practices3.Equipped with back-up alarms4.Operators qualified/trained5.Equipment Inspected regularly6.Seat belt worn by operator7.Mirrors installed at blind spotsSatisfactory2 OF 3FACILITY SAFETY INSPECTION CHECKLISTMechanical and Manual Material Handling and Storage:1.Hoist chains, cables, and slings are inspected regularly and documented2.Storage piles are stable and secured from falling or collapse3.Load limits are posted for all floors above ground level4.Load limits are displayed on all hoists5.Manual handling aids available and used6.Weight limits set for manual lifting, carrying, pushing, pulling7.Workers trained in proper lifting program in place, locks available, employees trained2.Hazardous areas painted bright colors3.Guards are provided for point-of-operationof machinery4.Clothing and hair restrictions in place to prevent entanglement in machinery5.Power transmission guards are in place6.Noise exposures adequately addressed7.Warnings displayed in obvious locations8.Compressed air systems have pressure reduced to 30 PSI and are not usedfor cleaning clothing9.Air hoses provided with safety latch to prevent accidental disconnect10.Welding equipment in good condition11.Compressed gas cylinders are and secured to prevent falling 12.Overhead hazards from equipment, conveyors, and process pipes, areguarded below 7 ft from floor1.Hazardous materials containers labeled2.MSDS available 3.Hazard Communication Training program in place4.Smoking and eating prohibited in work areas where chemicals are used 5.Eyewash/emergency shower available and functionalPersonal Protective Equipment:1.PPE assessment performed
PPE requirements in place2.Employees trained in the use and maintenance of PPE
training documented3.Hard hat areas designated and enforced4.Hearing protecting utilized in required areas5.Face/eye protection in place where needed6.Safety foot protection required where appropriate7.Protective clothing, gloves, aprons, boots, face shields, and goggles are usedwhen handling hazardous materials8.Approved respiratory protection equipment available and fit testedwww.selective.com40 Wantage Ave.Branchville, NJ
07890 Satisfactory3 OF 3FACILITY SAFETY INSPECTION CHECKLIST.
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